Learning Rat Race: How to read faster and remember more

Long story short, too much to read, too many MOOCs, TED to watch, podcasts to listen, and not enough time.
But what can we do? I feel being in a rat race and maybe you feel that too.

I am not saying this from the perspective of fear of missing out but from the one of not knowing the optimum recipe for learning and doing. I don’t have any fear of control and I love chaos and ambiguity, I jump in the pool and start learning as I am drowning and so far I navigated my life really nice. But I am an optimizer, in my work life and in my personal life. Why do something harder if there is a smarter way?!

Life-long learning and having a growth mindset are amazing buzz words that may sound easy but don’t get yourself fooled, you still have to put stuff inside your mind.

My challenge and my question: When do we find time to apply the things we learn if there is so much to learn? What’s the perfect receipe for the mix of actions and learning? We just block times and go with the flow?!

There’s so much good stuff to read and learn. For example:

I’d like to share with you what helped me so far in reading more and better and these resources may also help you:

  1. How to read a book [really helped me]
  2. Blinkist or other similar apps [cheating on reading]
  3. Writing down [to summarise]. I use an iPad Pro with a stylus and GoodNotes app (best one). My system here: max 1 page per book, 1 short Conclusion and max 3 ToDos]
  4. How to read faster [really helped me]. Btw, you can test your speed here.
  5. How to remember more [beginning, this is one of this year’s goals]. This is the intro as an idea, Art of Memory is a way better resource and complete.

This speed-reading and the memory-boosting journey started with 2 books:

Frankly, I started reading very late in my life, at the end of high school. Until then I was sure I don’t like reading because I never liked anything school made me read.

One day I started reading Harry Potter and for the first time I saw that there was nothing wrong with me and then I discovered that I love reading. But it took some years to really learn how to read. The resources above and these two books helped me. Hopefully, they will help you as well.

  • Moonwalking with Einstein – this is how I first found out about mnemonics. If you are interested in the story, read it. Spoiler Alert: Anyone can become a memory champion, but it requires practice.
  • How to read a book – I was fascinated to see how many things I did not do and it struck me the irony of no-one ever telling me to learn how to read and the fact that it took me 26 years to do that Google search.
  • If you are more a video-kind-of-person, on Coursera there’s a great free very usefully course offered by McMaster Univ and Univ of California San Diego.

My recommendation, based on my experience, is to follow the 5 resources I shared above in that order, from easy to harder.

Videos I usually watch/listen to at home, when doing other jobs and Podcasts I usually listen to while driving or commuting. No other tricks here. I tried to use the 1.5x-2x speed but it drives me crazy. This is why I prefer reading to watching or listening.

Thank you for your time.
I hope it was worth reading this.

Btw, I would love to hear what is your approach in learning better.


This was the first assignment from the altMBA I am going to start on the 6th of January. One month of intensive projects, discussions and debates. More about my altMBA journey in a future post.

Cât de poluat este Bucureștiul și de ce

Pe foarte scurt, pentru că există multe surse de poluare și prea puține filtre naturale sau artificiale. Bucureștiul este un oraș foarte mare și foarte dens fără o strategie de dezvoltare.

Acesta este episodul despre Poluarea Aerului din seria Orașele Viitorului. Urmează poluarea luminoasă și sonoră.


  • s-a lansat un serviciu nou de monitorizat calitatea aerului din București, aerlive.ro
  • Bucureștiul este foarte poluat, dar nu în toate zonele și la toate orele
  • Bucureștiul este pe locul 7 cel mai poluat oraș din Europa, iar în top sunt incluse și orașele industriale.
  • poluarea aerului omoară prematur 9 milioane de oameni la nivel global, iar fumatul 7
  • legislația este principala problemă
  • toolul este util pentru a naviga în oraș, dar și pentru a pune mare presiune pe administrația locală
  • avem 23.21 mp spațiu verde/locuitor, jumătate față de cât recomandă Organizația Mondială a Sănătății

Avem de astăzi încă un serviciu de monitorizare a aerului care ne spune cât de gravă este însă problema, acesta fiind un pas înainte în rezolvarea ei.

Pe aerlive.ro, bucureștenii pot vedea calitatea aerului prin intermediul a zece senzori amplasați în puncte esențiale ale capitalei. Platforma își propune pentru 2020 să ajungă la cel puțin 50 de senzori integrați. Și nu aflăm nimic nou, ci ni se confirmă ce știm deja – Bucureștiul este un oraș foarte foarte poluat, Fiind chiar pe locul 7 cel mai poluat oraș din Europa. În top sunt incluse și orașele industriale.

În urma măsurătorilor realizate în perioada 13 August – 3 Decembrie, concentrația medie zilnică de PM10 a depășit limitele zilnice europene impuse cu privire la calitatea aerului de 40 ori, cumulat, la toate stațiile de monitorizare.

Cele mai multe depășiri – 11 zile – au fost înregistrate la stația Calea Moșilor, iar cea mai mare depășire a limitei a fost înregistrată la stația Piața Sudului, stația măsurând o valoare a PM10 de 123 ug/m3 (mai mult de dublul limitei europene, de 50  µg/m3).

ICA pe ultimele 2 luni în zona Moșilor: Sursa: www.aerlive.ro/ica/mosilor/

Datele obținute de la cei zece senzori sunt transpuse într-un Indicator de Calitatea Aerului (ICA), desemnat de stația care înregistrează cele mai mari depășiri, la nivelul orașului.  ICA poate avea o valoare cuprinsă între 0 și >100 și, folosind scara de culori, arată de la un grad scăzut de poluare, până la pragurile de alertă.

În perioada următoare ICA va fi format din măsurătorile înregistrate pentru pulberile în suspensie PM 2.5 și PM10, iar după o perioadă de testare va încorpora și datele pentru gaze măsurate: monoxid de carbon CO, dioxid de azot NO2 și dioxid de sulf SO2.

Deci ce înseamnă toate abrevierile astea?

Aerul pe care noi îl respirăm este format din 78% Nitrogen, 21% Oxygen și 1% Argon, CO2 și alte bălării. Aerul nu este doar gaz, ci are și niște mici particule solide = aerosoli: praf, polen, fum și cam tot ce înseamnă poluarea aerului și particule de apă = umiditate.

Particule Fizice în suspensie, în funcție de dimensiune:

  • PM1 = (sub 0.1 microni)
  • PM2.5 = (sub 2.5 microni)
  • PM10 = (sub 10 microni)

Alte Gaze:

  • CO
  • NO2
  • SO2
  • Compusi Organici Volatili
  • și multe altele

Cantitățile sunt măsurat în ug/mc – micro-grame pe metru cub și sunt reglementate de UE și/sau de fiecare țară și au valori recomandate de Organizația Mondială a Sănătății.

Și cine generează toată poluarea asta?

  • Poluarea este generată de mașinile pe benzină sau diezel, cu cât mașinile mai vechi (EURO1,2,3,4….) cu atât poluarea este mai diversă și mai mare.
  • Șantierele care există în București, majoritatea nu respectă normele de mediu și poluează
  • Deșeurile: depozitarea și arderea lor lor emană poluanți, care sunt purtați de vânt
  • Activitățile industriale
  • Materialele pe care le folosim în clădiri sau pe stradă, turnări de astfalt, etc.

Poluarea aerului omoară prematur mai mulți oameni ca fumatul

Conform studiilor, folosind aceeași motodologie, la nivel global, 9 milioane de oameni mor prematur din cauza poluării, în timp ce fumatul cauzează decesul prematur a 7 milioane de oameni, iar la nivel european poluarea generează 800.000 decese premature.

Calitatea precară a aerului este de asemenea și motivul pentru care România a fost chemată la Curtea Europeană de Justiție de către Comisia Europeană. 

“Datele obținute prin intermediul platformei aerlive.ro sunt un nou semnal de alarmă cu privire la impactul negativ pe care aerul poluat îl are asupra sănătății fiecărui bucureștean. Peste 25.000 de români mor anual prematur din cauza poluării aerului, iar majoritatea acestora sunt din București, conform Agenției Europene a Mediului. Poluarea este responsabilă pentru o treime din cazurile de cancer la plămâni, iar copiii sunt cei mai afectați. Expunerea la particulele toxice generate de traficul auto afectează inima, plămânii și creierul copiilor, ducând la astm, alergii și funcționare cerebrală redusă”,

Ștefan Voinea, expert de la Observatorul Român de Sănătate.

Conform Organizației Mondiale a Sănătățiipoluarea aerului este responsabilă pentru 29% din decesele cauzate de cancerul la plămâni, 24% din decesele cauzate de accidente vasculare cerebrale și 43% din decesele cauzate de boala pulmonară obstructivă cronică. Mai multe detalii aici.

Poluarea aerului are 2 componente

O componentă ține de generarea poluanților și cealaltă ține de absorbția sau distrugerea substanțelor care contribuie la poluarea aerului: Bucureștiul este desigur deficitar la amândouă.

Legislația este cel mai important factor care poate contribui la rezolvarea acestei probleme, atât raportat la generare, cât și la captare.

Dar pentru schimbarea legislației este nevoie de consens politic generat de dorință populară. Acesta este din punctul meu de vedere cel mai important atu al acestei campanii, Bucureștenii au date clare, pe care se pot baza în a pune presiune pe administrația locală.

Spațiul verde pe cap de locuitor este o foarte mare problemă în capitală.

Bucureștiul este, de exemplu, unul dintre orașele cu cel mai mic spațiu verde pe cap de locuitor, dar informațiile pe care le avem sunt neclare. Bucureștiul ar avea 23.21 mp/locuitor, în timp ce legislația europeană prevedere un minim de 26, iar Organizația Mondială a Sănătății recomandă 50mp spațiu verde/locuitor.

Transportul public deficitar determină folosirea unui număr extraordinar de mare de mașini personală în București, care 80% din timp stau parcare, 10% din timp stau în trafic, și 10% sunt cu adevărat utile. Cele mai multe dintre ele, peste 90% sunt benzină sau diesel, contribuind astfel la poluarea aerului.

Sigur, să reunțăm la tot și să ne întoarcem în evul mediu

În cam orice componentă a sustenabilității aud mereu această replică, de parcă progresul și poluarea sunt interdependente.

Există multe exemple, cel mai cunoscut însă este cel legat de interzicerea în 1987, în cadrul Protocolului de la Montreal a substanțelor CFC (cloroflorocarburilor) folosite/generate mai ales ca refrigeranți sau spume termoizolatoare. Am găsit soluții mai bune, chiar dacă nu perfecte și gaura de ozon generată de aceste substanțe se vindecă.

Ok, și eu ce fac?

  1. Îți iei repede un purificator de aer, îți schimbi filtrele la AC, ștergi praful, dai cu mopul, cele lumești.
  2. Aerisesti doar atunci când valorile de calitate a aerului de afară sunt mai ok.
  3. Încerci să eviți zonele poluate la orele la care aerul nu este ok
  4. Acolo unde nu este ok, folosești măști cu filtru și o să arâți ca în filmele cu apocalipsa, dar o să respiri ok. Tu alegi ce contează.
  5. Încerci să răspândești informația și să pui presiune pe autorități. Se poate. Noi cu energiaTa pe subiectul prosumatorilor am reușit.
  6. Mergi la salină din când în când. Asta nu este o soluție magică pentru toate problemele, dar ajută.

Mulțumiri și Felicitări tuturor organizațiilor implicate

Ce îmi place mult la proiectul acesta este numărul de organizații care au colaborat pentru a îl pune în aplicare.

Aerlive.ro este un proiect realizat de Centrul pentru Politici Durabile Ecopolis și Fundația ETA2U, alături de organizațiile partenere: OPTAR, 2Celsius și Observatorul Român de Sănătate. Este susținut prin Fondul IKEA pentru Mediul Urban, finanțat de IKEA România și gestionat de Fundația Comunitară București.

(C) NASA Johnson Flickr Account. De pe Stația Orbitală Internaționaă nu se vede poluarea aerului, dar se vede poluarea luminoasă a Bucureștiului, dar aceasta este o problemă pentru data viitoare.

TEDx: Who builds the world you want to live in

I am more than excited that I had the opportunity to share my ideas at TEDxBucharest Metamorphosis, which took place on the 16th and 17th of November. For 2 days, around 1000 attendes came to listen to 23 speakers and 5 exclusive performances share their ideas. It was an amazing experience and the best TEDx I have been to.


  • we all want to live in a better world, but who builds that world for us
  • if life would be a car, we would prefer to be the driver or passengers
  • it took me more than 20 years to have the courage to ask the questions who builds this world
  • I was taught to talk just when asked, to memorize and be obedient, to not think critically and analyze, to have opinions
  • I feared questions and hardly learnt that questions are more important than answers
  • I learnt that to be creative meant to paint, I was trained to be a wheel in a machine. It took me a lot of time to see the importance of interdisciplinarity and diversity
  • after 30 years of democracy, the Romanian educational system still prepares us to be passengers
  • dreams are possible if somehow you learnt or you believe that dreams can come true
  • the one YES matters more than hundreds of NOs
  • there are good people and bad people in the world and you cannot change that
  • fail until it hurts, if it is not hurting it means you did not really fail
  • metamorphosis requires pain, because metamorphosis is change and change is painful
  • dream you can change a law because one day you may actually succeed
  • build hope and courage around you
  • believe that anything is possible, because, in time, it really is.

Here is my presentation, the video recording will be available someday on TED.com website.

The story of energiaTa, how to change a law

energiaTa in a nutshell

energiaTa is a Romanian initiative that finally changed a law in Romania making the energy prosumers a reality at the beginning of 2019, after 3 years of hard work.

Due to that work today there are +150 energy prosumers and in 2020 there will be more than 33.000 energy prosumers in Romania, having a big impact on our country’s energy transitions and the acceleration of transition towards a green carbon-neutral economy.

Website / Facebook Page / Facebook Group

Team of energiaTa

I cofounded energiaTa in 2016 with my good old friend and NGO partner, Claudiu and we were also lucky enough to have Eduard from the very beginning as a technical consultant. In 2019 our team grew to 4 people, bringing Dalia on board in helping us to create the Prosumer’s Guide. Our team is small, but our community is big.

L to R: Mihai Toader-Pasti, Claudiu Butacu, Eduard Răducanu, Dalia Stoian

History of the initiative

In 2016 the Energy Union already envisioned having ‘the citizens at its core’ where they can ‘take ownership of the energy transition, benefit from new technologies to reduce their bills, participate actively in the market and where vulnerable consumers are protected’.

Meanwhile, Romania had no plans in creating a legal framework or a plan for prosumers and we were in the last place in Europe at PV installation time, with over 450 days needed. And even after all this waiting, you still weren’t paid for the energy sent into the grid.

On top of that, what we discovered from the first meetings with the authorities was that they did not even know that this problem existed in Romania, and they blamed it on the lack of demand. We proved that demand existed, and the problem was the legislation which made energy prosumers impossible.

To solve the problem we created Romania’s first energy prosumers Community, by brining every decision-maker and stakeholder on board. We did that by starting a series of round-table events at the EFdeN House.

Before one of the first meetings with the energiaTa Community

After 2 years of work, on July 20, 2018, the law of 184/2018 was approved by the President of Romania, a law that defines the term of prosumer, essential tax simplifications and the obligation of distributors and suppliers to accept prosumers.

But in order for prosumers to exist, we also needed to have the secondary legislation in place. After 5 more months, on December 28, 2018, three orders 226, 227 and 228 were approved, which together with law 184 provides the legislative framework for ensuring the right of the final consumers to become prosumers and to be remunerated for the electricity supplied to the network.

Therefore, starting with 2019, after 3 years of work, there are finally prosumers in Romania, small producers of clean energy, from renewable sources, energy which can be injected into the network.

3 types of Challenges: Awareness, Technical and Political

  1. Make decision-makers aware of the problem
  2. Prove that this is an important issue and there is public demand
  3. Map all the problems related to the problem
  4. Develop real solutions that will work for every party involved
  5. Get the legislative support to pass the law in Parliament
  6. Let people know they can become energy prosumers and teach them how to do that

Our simple but effective Strategy

In order to reach our goals (reduce the duration needed for installing PVs and ensure the right of the final consumers to become prosumers) we approached the problem from 3 directions:

  1. National Campaign (we talked about this problem everywhere: events, media, forums, etc. We also needed to make everyone aware of this issue and the importance of it so we created the Energy Prosumers Community to bring expertise and awareness)
  2. International Support (we searched for other best-case examples, we discussed with members of the European parliament, with other countries’ energy authorities)
  3. Legislation and Norms (we mapped problems and developed solutions together will the relevant stakeholders, decision-makers and industry experts. We tries to find the perfect compromise and we believe we succeded)

We went everywhere: conferences, labs, events

I knew that increasing awareness was critical to our success, so Claudiu and I participated in more than 30 energy events where we exposed the current problems and expressed the need for unblocking the prosumers market, including Aspen Energy Labs, ZF Power Summit, InvestEnergy, Energynomic, etc. Furthermore, together with Romania Green Building Council, we had a national campaign with 10 events in 8 major Romanian cities: Cluj Napoca, Bucharest, Iași, Brașov, Galați, Timișoara, Craiova and Târgu Jiu.

energiaTa Energy Prosumers Community

energiaTa was not the only NGO to address to energy prosumers issue in Romania, but we were the first ones to bring at the same table all the decision-makers and stakeholders: people willing to become prosumers,  representatives of Energy Authorities, Minister of Energy and Minister of Development, members of the government, other NGOs and media institutions. Together, we all provided support and recommendations and put enough pressure to have the legislation changed, both primary and secondary.

In order to assure the passing of the law, we worked to introduce energy prosumers in our country’s National Energy Strategy and actively participated in parliamentary committees along the legislative process, or met the Minister of Energy. Across the process, other two NGOs proved to have an important contribution, PATRES and Greenpeace Romania. Even if at the beginning the public authorities were not part of the group, along the way they proved to be very open and communicative, willing to solve the problem.

The first conference of energy prosumers in Romania

On February 19th, 2019, we have organized the first conference in Romania about energy prosumers with over 150 participants including representatives from the public authorities, distributors, installers and prosumers. We had more than 100 people watching livestream, video available here.

Energy Prosumer’s Guide

On the 24th of May, we organized another event to launch the Guide on How to become an Energy Prosumer [Romanian language only]. We tried to explain everything about solar energy, the technical equipment needed, myths and advice in order to generate awareness. We tried to make it as easy as possible for anyone to become a prosumer, explaining every step of the process. 

So how does the law look today

According to the law no. 220/2008, the prosumer is the final customer who owns electricity production facilities, including cogeneration, with a power of less than 27kW, whose specific activity is not the production of electricity, who consumes and can store and sell electricity from renewable sources produced in his building, including an apartment block, a residential area, a shared service location, commercial or industrial or in the same closed distribution system.

  • Green electricity producers
  • Households, blocks, private or public HQs, commercial or industrial spaces
  • Installed power <27kW
  • Production for own consumption, not commercial activities

energiaTa in numbers

  • In 2 years we had over 110k views on the energiaTa.org website and over 55k unique viewers
  • >7000 members of the prosumers community
  • >6000 followers of the facebook page
  • 15 k comments in the community 
  • 25,5 k reactions in the community

Media Coverage [+60]

Awards

  • Defense of individual / collective rights – Gala Societății Civile 2019
  • Special Award for Innovation – Gala Societății Civile 2019

What’s next for energiaTa

Mihai Toader-Pasti – energiaTa @ GoTech event in Bucharest, 2019

We aim to promote energy prosumers in Romania, to make as many people aware of the changes and that this is something now possible. Our next milestone is 1.000.000 energy prosumers in Romania and our long term mission is bringing the energy sector in Romania to carbon-neutral, before 2050.

Above everything else, we are happy and proud we proved that when people come together, they can have a big impact and even change the law and that young people can have a critical role in creating the change our country needs.

We are always open to share with other initiatives that have similar goals in any industry or one any cause that aims to have a positive impact in society, to protect people or the environment and create prosperity for all.

PS: Join the Energy Prosumers Community. Romanian language only, btw.

Despre mine

Email: mihai@toaderpasti.com / Twitter: @toaderpasti / Facebook: @toaderpasti / LinkedIn: @toaderpasti

  • JCI Ten Outstanding Young Persons of the Year – 2019
  • FEL100 – World Energy Council – 2019 & Co-chair of National FEL Programme – 2019
  • Global Shaper Climate Change and Sustainability Steering Committee Regional Lead 2019
  • Climate Reality Leader @ Climate Reality Training, Altanta, 2019
  • Chairman @ Future Energy Leaders Romania, 2018
  • Young Energy Professional of the Year – 2018
  • GlobalShaper @ Bucharest Hub – 2017
  • Young Leader Professional @ Aspen Institute – 2017
  • Co-chair @ Eisenhower Fellowships Youth Leaders 2017
  • Talent @ UNLEASH 2018
  • Climate Ambassador @ GYCN – World Bank Youth Community 2018
  • Featured on ‘’Forbes 30 Under 30’’, ‘’BIZ Champions of Innovation’,‘’100 Peoples and Ideas changing Romania’’ and ‘’100 Faces of Innovation’’,‘’DOR 100’’ and more.

Bio:

În ultimii 7 ani Mihai a cofondat două dintre cele mai de succes proiectele românești: EFdeN și energiaTa.

Alături de colegii din EFdeN a dezvoltat 2 dintre cele mai sustenabile case din lume pentru competiției internaționale de case sustenabile Solar Decathlon Versailles 2014 și Dubai 2018, câștigând peste 30 de premii naționale și internaționale.

energiaTa a creat prima comunitate de prosumatori din România care ulterior a schimbat și legislația, după 3 ani de optimism și multă muncă. Mihai este și Președintele Future Energy Leaders România a cărei misiune este crearea următoarei generații de tineri în energie. Mihai a lucrat de asemenea și în mediul privat, ca Manager de Dezvoltare și Politici la Romania Green Building Council.

A fost inclus în ”Forbes 30 sub 30”, ‘’Ten Outstanding Young Persons Romania’’, ”BIZ Campionii Inovației”, ”100 de oameni și idei care schimbă România”, ”100 fețe ale inovației”, ”DOR100” și selectat în programele de Leadership ale Eisenhower Fellowships Youth, Global Shapers, Aspen Intitute și Climate Reality.


Bună,

Eu sunt Mihai Toader-Pasti, cei apropiați îmi spun TP. Locuiesc în București, dar m-am născut imediat după căderea regimului comunist într-un mic oraș din Gorj, Târgu Cărbunești,

Povestea mea începe în Septembrie 2010, odată cu întrarea în PRISPA, prima echipă românească care s-a calificat în competiția Solar Decathlon, cea mai importantă competiție internațională de case solare.

În ultimii 8 ani am câștigat o serie de premii, dar am și dat-o în bară de câteva ori, ceea ce a creat un mix de experiențe foarte utile astăzi. Am fost jurat și înjurat, moderator, am apărut de peste 100 de ori în media, am scris pentru Forbes, Energy Industry Review și alte publicații. Am făcut o grămadă de chestii diferite din dorința de a nu mă plictisi, a experimenta, a întâlni oameni noi și a învăța lucruri interesante.

Îmi plac oamenii și proiectele faine.

În 2016 am cofondat proiectul energiaTa pentru a face micii producători de energie electrică posibil în România prin schimbarea legislației, atunci când ne-am lovit de această problem am decis s-o rezolvăm. Am lucrat de asemenea cu Consiliul Român pentru Clădiri verzi în cocrearea Strategiei Naționale de Renovare, dar din păcate nu a avut impactul pe care mi-l doream.

In 2015 am fost invitat la COP21, in 2016 în Parlamentul European și în 2017 la One Planet Summit, iar în 2018 am participat la World Urban Forum (Kuala Lumpur) și UNLEASH (Singapore), cinci experiențe care au avut un impact major asupra vieții mele, care m-au făcut să devin și mai implicat în proiecte ce țin de sustenabilitate, schimbări climatice din perspectiva mediului construit și al energiei.

Un obiectiv important este să dezvolt case extraordinare la un preț accesibil, un fel de 5 în 1, care să ofere o experiență de locuit genială, care să te facă să zâmbești și să fii fericit.

Sunt co-președinte al primei generații de Eisenhower Fellowships Youth Leaders unde ne concentrăm pe provocările joburile din viitor, sunt președinte al FEL – Future Energy Leaders Romania unde căutăm să rezolvam problema tinerilor din energie în România. Sunt Aspen Young Leader Fellow, Global Shaper și Climate Ambassador. Am apărut în ”Forbes 30 sub 30”, ”BIZ Campionii Inovației”, ”100 de oameni și idei care schimbă România”, ”100 fețe ale inovației”.

Visul meu este să nu mă plictisesc, să fac lucruri noi și diferite, cu impact social ridicat, de care să fiu mândru.

Citește mai mult despre:


Momente importante / Premii, Recunoaștere și Publicații  / Speaker, Trainer & Jurat / Apariții Media


Consultanță, Traininguri, Workshopuri sau Speaking

Încerc pe cât posibil să transform lucruri complicate despre orașe, energie și sustenabilitate în noțiuni mai simple și ușor de înțeles. Mă concentrez pe motivele pentru care ceva trebuie făcut, pe sursa problemelor și soluțiile optime. Toate acestea împletite cu dragoste, distracție și curiozitate, 3 incrediente esențiale în a rezolva problemele globale într-o maniferă plăcută.

Care este numele meu? Că este greșit super des.

Numele Toader-Pasti, Mihai este prenumele, atât. Toader este numele familiei tatălui și Pasti (fără ș) este al familiei mamei. Mănene, bunicul din partea mamei, a avut doar 2 fete, așa că tata s-a gândit să îi facă o surpriză și să combinele numele. Aceasta este povestea unui nume cu liniuță și fără nicio legătură cu sărbătoarea.

Fotografii Mihai Toader-Pasti

About Me

Mihai Toader-Pasti

Email: mihai@toaderpasti.com / Twitter: @toaderpasti / Facebook: @toaderpasti / LinkedIn: @toaderpasti


Hello

I am Mihai or TP. I believe in social change through smart design—incorporating architecture, design, engineering and sustainability.

For me, it works best to see the world as a map, in space and time, like a riddle that needs to be solved, a puzzle with small and large pieces. I learned to be able to see the big picture and think strategically, to see the small dominos than can amplify change, but I love details, especially the beautiful ones.

I have 10 years of experience in green buildings, renewable energy, sustainability, and education, an amazing rollercoaster of beautiful heights and painful lows, a journey that transformed me along the way. I am an optimist and I love life and people.

Worklife in short:

My time is divided mostly between:

  • Cofounder & General Manager :: EFdeN (education & R&D NGO where we design and build sustainable homes. 7 years old, +40 national and international awards)
  • Cofounder & Jack of all Trades :: energiaTa (initiative where we created Romania’s first community of energy prosumers and changed the law in 3 years)
  • Chairman :: Future Energy Leaders Romania (accelerating transition towards a cleaner, safer and more resilient economy, by empowering the young generation of energy leaders)
  • Founder & CEO :: HomeSpace (experimental lab focused on research, design and build projects for reimagining life at home)

But I am also involved in other projects as well:

  • Regional Lead, Climate Change and Sustainability – Global Shapers Community | part of World Economic Forum
  • Communications & Strategy Committee | World Energy Council

Fellowships: Eisenhower Youth Leaders, Aspen Young Leaders, UNLEASH, Global Youth Climate Network, CXChange, G20 Young Global Changers, and more.

My Story

I am currently living in Bucharest, Romania, but I was born in a small town called Târgu Cărbunești, right after the fall of the communist regime.

My story begins in 2010, when I became one of the first members of PRISPA, the first Romanian team ever to qualify for Solar Decathlon, the most important competition worldwide for solar houses. In the last 8 years, I have participated in 3 editions of this competition, designing and building 3 multi-awarded houses, while also leading the EFdeN team to Versailles 2014 and Dubai 2018.

We won over 40 national and international awards, collectively and individually, gathering a perfect mix of successes and a few failures along the way. I have been a juror on different occasions, moderator several times, had over 100 media appearances and wrote for Forbes and other media outlets.

I love to do meaningful stuff, play the long game and help others. I will always choose adventure and fellowship over boring stuff. I aim to make this world at least a bit better while having a positive impact on environment.

I am the also co-founder and strategist of EnergiaTa, to make household renewable energy production possible in Romania by changing the legislation.

In the past I’ve also worked with the Green Building Council for public consultations and in developing country’s Renovation Strategy.

In 2015 I was invited to COP21, in 2016 in the European Parliament and 2017 to One Planet Summit and in 2018 I attended World Urban Forum – four experiences that have had a profound impact on my life, that made me want to get involved in protecting climate change by changing the built environment.

My dream is to create the perfect homes and perfect living experience, to create affordable houses that are Safe (level 1), Gorgeous (level 2), Sustainable (level 3), Intelligent (level 4) and offer a wonderful User Experience daily (level 5). Today houses usually check only 2 or 3 out of this philosophy.

I have co-chaired the first edition of Eisenhower Fellowships Youth Leaders, where we focused on future of work challenges and I am currently co-chairing FEL – Future Energy Leaders Romania where we are empowering young people to make a change in the energy sector. I am an Aspen Young Leaders 2017 Fellow and Global Shaper. 

I have been featured on ‘’Forbes 30 Under 30’’, ‘’100 Faces of Innovation’’, ‘’100 Peoples and Ideas changing Romania’’, ”BIZ Innovation Champions”.I delivered hundreds of presentations, training and mentoring sessions for children, high schoolers, and students, but also for professionals for various companies including OMV Petrom, ING Bank, MSLGroup The Practice, ERICSSON, etc.

Someday I will die happy, knowing that I have done the right things in the right way at the right time to the right persons for the right reasons. Or at least I did my best to.


find out more about me here


Services in Consultancy, Training, Workshops or Speaking

I try to transform complicated things about homes, cities, energy, sustainability and climate change in pieces easy to understand for anybody. I am also very focused on finding Why something should be done, Why it is happening this way, what are the root causes and the best actions to take. All this blended with love, fun and curiosity because these are crucial ingredients in solving the world’s problems one step at a time.

Short Bio:

Photo 1 / Photo 2 / Photo 3

Mihai has 9 years of experience in designing and building award-winning sustainable solar homes. He co-founded and lead two of Romania’s most notorious projects: EFdeN and energiaTa.

He believes in social change through smart design—incorporating architecture, design and engineering, putting sustainability at the core of everything he is doing. Someday he aims to create the best homes in the world.

+500 young people became better professionals by performing together in an interdisciplinary and practical environment, winning +40 national and international awards. EFdeN was made possible by +250 companies that sponsored the project with +2.5 million euros. The team successfully created the country’s first Research Center for Comfort Conditions.

in 2016 energiaTa was born in order to make energy prosumers a reality. 3 years and many working hours, after creating Romania’s biggest prosumers community and bringing all relevant stakeholders together, this dream became a reality.

Previously Mihai had worked with the local Green Building Council in co-creating the National Renovation Strategy. Mihai is also deeply involved in numerous educational and climate-related initiatives, being a strong supporter of Sustainable Development Goals.


Photos of Mihai Toader-Pasti

Sustainability and Collaborations at IKEA Democratic Design Days 2019

On Monday evening, I arrived at IKEA home – Älmhult, a small town of just 9,000 inhabitants in Sweden, to attend the annual Democratic Design Days. This year’s focus has been on sustainability, and within the 2-day event, a series of cool things have been announced in this area, some very exciting collaborations, and a project of rethinking cities and living with Space10, which I love!

Beyond CSR and business with purpose, IKEA integrates sustainability into its business directions, and this is essential to make the transition to a clean economy. We shouldn’t need NGOs and philanthropy to make things right, we need companies to do business responsibly, socially and environmentally. Instead of fixing problems, we should try not to generate them in the first place. We have to go from being always reactive to becoming proactive. It’s smarter and more efficient.

How a sustainable event looks like

No prints, no PETs, no waste and no useless stuff. Upon registration, we received a water bottle and a coffee mug which we could refill in different areas, all these in a beautifully designed bag that made my girlfriend extremely happy when returning home. For the agenda and access to resources, useful information and locations, there was an event app (Hello, 2019), where we also received notifications when things happened or when surprises occurred. Well done, IKEA!

Democratic Design Days 2019

IKEA’s vision is ‘to create a better everyday life for the many people’, and alongside the 5 Democratic Design Principles, they are the foundation of everything IKEA does and creates. At one of the interview sessions we found out how everything they develop starts from setting a price tag, from which they do not deviate so they have to innovate to get a product that complies with all five principles:

  1. Form – all products should look very good
  2. Function – to be useful and comfortable to make life easier
  3. Quality – be more durable than competitive and more sustainable than I promise you to be surprised
  4. Sustainability – this has an environmental, social and financial efficiency component, reduces waste to a minimum
  5. Affordability – not cheap, but affordable, even if it is the ultimate principle, is actually the most important since innovation begins after they have set the price they need to get to

The event also took place in several buildings, sometimes different things were happening in the same time. We heard all the announcements in the 2 Spotlight Sessions, but we also had Interviews, Presentations, Tests, Museum Visits, and Interactions with products. I organised by theme all IKEA announced, but I have also added some things that were previously announced, but they are still new for the people.

Collaborations

  • Sonos (speakers in furniture bodies or speakers as supports, super high quality sound at a great price)
  • Ori – ROGNAN, Moving robotic furniture – super cool
  • UNYQ și Area Academy – chairs with 3D pieces made specifically for the body shape of gamers
  • Greyhound Original – small, low budget, repurposing stuff
  • Adidas – how to make more sports at home, the first products will appear in 2021
  • LEGO – gama BYGGLEK, pentru mai multă joacă acasă, aici nu au fost clari cu ce lansează, dar o să apară în 2020
  • Claus Meyer, co-founder of Noma Restaurant – More Sustainable, More Fresh Food in IKEA Restaurants
  • Saint Heron – how to bring art at home, combine art into functional objects – why having to go to the museum always?!
  • Zandra Rhodes, famous British designer – to create textiles with colours, patterns. I can not wait, I love th crazy stuff Zandra is doing

Sustainability Announcements at DDD2019

IKEADDD2019 was both an amazing and useful experience, which, beyond all, made me more optimistic. What IKEA and other similar, large and innovation-oriented companies are doing, serve as examples of good practice for other large, medium and small companies.

#plastic

  • MUSSELBLOMMA – a collection made partly of recovered plastic, originating in the Mediterranean Sea. Launching on the selected markets will take place in 2019.
  • Recycled Polyester – As part of the transformation into a circular business, IKEA aims to replace all virgin polyester products with recycled polyester by 2020.
  • A new collaboration with the World Wide World Surf (WSL), a partnership where IKEA and WSL will collaborate on a climate awareness awareness project and will inspire action to reduce the pollution of the ocean.

#clean air

  • Indoors: Climate and Clean Air – IKEA joins the United Nations Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CACC) to advance what it learned from the Better Air Now initiative and develop solutions for burning crop residues and reducing pollution air. Until now, they have developed curtains that purify GUNRID air and now work on mechanical cleaners. Bonus, here is a guide [PDF] on how to breathe cleaner air step by step.
  • OUTDOORS: FÖRÄNDRING – a collection made from rice straw, a residue that is traditionally burned, which contributes to local air pollution. The launch will take place in some markets in autumn 2019.

#energy

  • SAMMANLÄNKAD – a collection in collaboration with Little Sun and his founder, artist Olafur Eliasson. The ambition behind the collection is to provide tools for everyday life where renewable energy contributes to a better and more independent life.

#food and urban farming

  • Alternative meatballs 😀 with meat taste, but from vegetable protein – beyond the direct impact, the indirect impact is also important. Eating healthier food it is also good for our health but it also mitigate global warming and is fair to animals
  • Urban Farming – news about Tom Dixon’s collaboration through which IKEA is exploring affordable solutions to grow plants and vegetables at home.

#cities and living

Lately, I have researched everything happening around the world in terms of innovation in cities and dwelling, and so far the only company doing interesting things was happening was Sidewalk Labs, a subsidiary of Alphabet (Google), making a mega a project in Toronto in a public-private partnership, of rethinking communities. Finally, there is something happening now in Europe as well, which I think, is more interesting: the Urban Village Project.

IKEA, in partnership with Space10 and EFFEKT Architects, has launched the urban village project, but this is such an amazing initiative that it deserves a separate article. It’s almost everything I hoped a project like this to be, some stuff took me by surprise (positive), and in others, I think it’s room for better, but overall, it’s wow. And there is also the collaboration with Ikano Bostad in The better living project I would strongly recommend to look into.

  • RÅVAROR, a collection of 20 flexible, modular products that will be launched in September 2020 for small spaces.

I am also going to write a separate article about the extraordinary experience at IKEA TEST LAB. I was blown away. Stay tunned.


This article is part of Pursuing Sustainability, a series of articles where I find and write about organisations and events that are examples of good practice in terms of sustainability.

Sustenabilitate și Colaborări la IKEA Democratic Design Days 2019

Luni seară am ajuns la Älmhult, un orășel de 9.000 locuitori din Suedia, acasă la IKEA cu ocazia prezentării anuale Democratic Design Days. Focusul anul acesta a fost pe sustenabilitate și în cadrul evenimentului de 2 zile au fost anunțate o serie de lucruri foarte mișto în zona aceasta, niste colaborări super interesante și un proiect de rethinking cities and living cu Space10, care pe mine m-a super impresionat.

Dincolo de CSR și business with purpose, IKEA integrează sustenabilitatea în direcțiile de business și lucrul acesta este foarte important pentru a face tranziția către o economie curată. Pentru asta nu ar trebui să avem nevoie de ONG-uri și filantropie, ci de companii care fac business responsabil, social și față de mediu. În loc să tot reparăm probleme, ar trebui să încercăm să nu le mai generăm, să trecem de la a fi mereu reactivi, la a deveni proactivi.

Cum arată un eveniment sustenabil

Fără printuri, fără PET-uri, fără waste și lucruri inutile. La înregistrare, am primit un recipient pentru apă și un recipient pentru cafea, existau câteva zone de unde puteam face refill, și o șacoșă designish magică care a făcut un om foarte fericit la întoarcere. Pentru agendă și acces la resurse, informații utile și locații, a existat o aplicație a evenimentului (finally, 2019), de unde primeam și notificări când se întâmplau lucruri sau când apăreau surprize. Well done, IKEA!

Democratic Design Days 2019

Viziunea IKEA este să creeze o viață de zi cu zi mai bună pentru cât mai mulţi oameni și alături de cele 5 Democratic Design Principles, sunt fundamentul a tot ceea ce face IKEA sau pregătește. La una dintre sesiunile de interviuri am aflat cum tot ce dezvoltă pleacă de la un Price Tag stabilit, de la care nu se abat și apoi trebuie să inoveze ca să obțină un produs care să respecte toate cele 5 principii:

  1. Formă – toate produsele trebuie să arate foarte bine
  2. Funcțiune – să fie utile și confortabile, să facă viața mai ușoară
  3. Calitate – să fie mai durabile decât competiția și mai durabile decât îți promit, ca să fii surprins
  4. Sustenabilitate – asta are o componentă de mediu, una socială și una de eficiență financiară, a reduce deșeurile la minim
  5. Cost Accesibil – nu ieftin, ci accesibil, chiar dacă este ultimul principiu, este de fapt factorul 0 întrucât inovația începe după ce au setat prețul la care trebuie să ajungă

Anunțurile au fost făcute în 2 sesiuni numite separate – Spotlights, în rest am participat la interviuri, la prezentări, teste, vr, muzeu și am putut vedea expuse produsele anunțate. Tot evenimentul a avut loc în mai multe clădiri și spații din zonă. Am ordonat anunțurile în funcție de teme și am mai adăugat câteva lucruri care erau anunțate, dar sunt încă noi.

Colaborări Anunțate

  • Sonos (boxe în corpuri de mobilier sau boxe ca suporți, se aud mega bine și la un super preț). Update: de la 1 iulie 2020 sunt disponibile și la IKEA România.
  • Ori – ROGNAN, mobilier robotizat care se deplasează – mega cool
  • UNYQ și Area Academy – scaune cu piese 3D special făcute pentru forma corpului gamerilor
  • Greyhound Original – spații mici, low budget, repurposing chestii
  • Adidas – cum să faci mai mult sport acasă, primele produse vor apărea în 2021
  • LEGO – gama BYGGLEK, pentru mai multă joacă acasă, aici nu au fost clari cu ce lansează, o să apară în 2020)
  • Claus Meyer, cofondatorul restaurantului Noma – mâncare mai sustenabilă, mai fresh în resturantele IKEA
  • Saint Heron – cum să aduci arta în casă, să combini arta și obiectele funcționale
  • Zandra Rhodes, designer britanic faimos – textile cu culori, paternuri. De-abia aștept, Zandra e fix în genul meu, haos.

Ce a lansat IKEA în zona de sustenabilitate la DDD2019

#IKEADDD2019 a fost o experiență mega faină și utilă, care dincolo de toate, m-a făcut mai optimist. Ce face IKEA și alte câteva companii similare, mari și axate pe inovație, funcționează ca exemplu de bune practice pentru alte companii mari, medii și mici.

#plastic

  • MUSSELBLOMMA – o colecție realizată parțial din plastic recuperat, care provine din Marea Mediterană. Lansarea pe piețele selectate va avea loc în 2019.
  • Poliester reciclat – ca parte din transformarea într-o afacere circulară, IKEA are ca scop înlocuirea tuturor produselor textile din poliester virgin cu poliester reciclat până în 2020.
  • O nouă colaborare cu Liga Mondială de Surf (WSL), un parteneriat în care IKEA și WSL vor colabora pentru un proiect de conștientizare cu privire la provocarea climatică și vor inspira acțiuni de reducere a poluării plastice în oceane.

#aer curat

  • în INTERIOR: Clima și aerul curat – IKEA se alătură Coaliției pentru Climă și Aer Curat (CCAC) inițiată de United Nations pentru a da mai departe ceea ce a învățat din inițiativa Better Air Now și a dezvolta soluții pentru arderea reziduurilor de culturi și reducerea poluării aerului. Până acum au dezvoltat niște draperii care purifică aerul GUNRID și acum lucrează la niște purificatoare mecanice. Bonus, aici găsiți un ghid [PDF] despre cum să respiri aer mai curat pas cu pas.
  • în EXTERIOR: FÖRÄNDRING – o colecție realizată din paie de orez, un reziduu care în mod tradițional este ars, acest lucru contribuind la poluarea locală a aerului. Lansarea va avea loc pe anumite piețe în toamna anului 2019.

#energie

  • SAMMANLÄNKAD – o colecție în colaborare cu Little Sun și fondatorul său, artistul Olafur Eliasson. Ambiția din spatele colecției este de a oferi instrumente pentru viața de zi cu zi, acolo unde energia regenerabilă contribuie la o viață mai bună și independentă.

#mâncare și urban farming

  • Chifteluțe alternative 😀 cu gust de carne, dar din proteină vegetală – dincolo de impactul direct, este important și impactul indirect. Tranziția către o alimentație fără carne este și sănătoasă, și amelioarează și încălzirea globală și este și fair față de animale
  • Urban Farming – noutăți despre colaborarea Tom Dixon prin care IKEA explorează soluții accesibile pentru a crește plante și legume acasă.

#orașe și locuire

În ultima perioadă m-am tot uitat la tot ceea ce înseamnă forefront innovation la nivel global în materie de orașe și locuire și până în acest moment singura companie unde se întâmplau chestii faine era Sidewalk Labs, subsidiară a Alphabet (Google) și face un mega proiect în Toronto, de tipul rethinking communities, în parteneriat public-privat. În sfârșit există ceva acum și în Europa și, cred eu, mai interesant: Urban Village Project.

IKEA în parteneriat cu Space10 și EFFEKT Architects, a lansat the urbanvillage care este o inițiativă atât de tare, încât merită un articol separat. Este aproape tot ce speram să fie, unele chestii m-au luat prin surprindere (pozitiv) și în altele cred că e loc de mai bine, dar per total, e wow. Și mai este și colaborara cu Ikano Bostad în proiectul The better living.

  • RÅVAROR, colecție de 20 produse, flexibile, modulare, ce vor fi lansate în September 2020, pentru spații mici.

Și urmează un articol separat despre experiența extraordinară de la IKEA TEST LAB. Stay tuned.


Acest articol face parte din seria Urmărind Sustenabilitatea, unde găsesc și scriu despre organizații și evenimente care sunt exemple de bune practice din punct de vedere al sustenabilității.

What is a Passive House and why it matters, easy explained

At the end of May, I attended the “Certified Professionals in execution for Passive House” course, organized by URBAN-INCERC under the Train-to-NZEB program. From now on, I am a Certified Passive House Tradesperson, attested by Passivhaus Institut (PHI) in Darmstadt, Germany, as a result of the exam passed. Das cool!

For the wide audience, passive, active, nZEB or NZEB, eco or green are often confused and there is enormous or unnecessarily complicated information online, so I decided to write summarily about these concepts. If you want to learn more about this subject, there will be several courses for learning and certification at URBAN INCERC, details at the end of the article.

In short: If you want to have lower priced bills, a smaller negative impact on the environment and a healthier indoor environment, Passive House Certification gives you the following: the confidence that design and execution are  qualitative and according to the requirements of the standard.

Why is it called passive? Because it refers to how the building is heated, namely passive, meaning it can be done only through the ventilation system with heat recovery, the temperature of the people inside and the solar input, due to very good insulation that reduces almost complete heat loss.

So the Passive House is a voluntary certificate given by an institute and comes with a diploma that looks like this, either you can put it on the front of the house for everybody to see, or keep it in the drawer as a guarantor of the house quality.

The principles of a passive house

  1. Continuous thermal insulation, sufficiently thick and of good quality
  2. Effectively oriented windows, doors and openings to maximize the solar intake in the winter time, and minimize it during summer
  3. The watertight building envelope, to prevent air and water infiltrations.
  4. Reducing heat bridges to the minimum to prevent heat loss
  5. Mechanized ventilation, with heat and humidity recovery

The 5 Passive House Criteria

  1. Heat demand for heating max 15 kWh/m2/year or heat load for heating max 10 W/m2
  2. Annual cooling demand max 15 kWh/m2/year
  3. Annual primary energy consumption max 60 kWh/m2
  4. High air sealing n50 ≤ 0.6 shifts/hour
  5. Frequency of overheating max 10%

Advantages of a passive house

  • Uniformity of temperatures resulting in higher comfort
  • There are no direct cold air streams, meaning a healthier and more enjoyable environment
  • you have no dampness because the design and execution have been well done
  • you pay less monthly money for the entire time you will stay in the house, the cheapest energy is the one you don’t consume
  • You will spend 50% of your time in a healthier air
  • You will be ready for legislative changes
  • You will be part of pollution reducement and indirectly reduce your CO2 footprint
  • Devalues harder but you want to resell or rent it
  • EU Directive 2010/31 / EU will enter in effect on 31 December 2018, all new public buildings will have to be nearly zero energy buildings (nZEB), and from 31 December 2020 it will be mandatory for all new buildings to be nZEB.
  • The European Union has a very high consumption per habitant, compared to the global average and takes steps to promote inefficient buildings and subsequently to ‘fine’ them.

Mythbusters about passive houses

  • passive houses don’t have windows -> they do and even many and larger, efficiency matters
  • a passive house cannot be built of any material -> yes it can, it only counts efficiency, there are certifications for materials, which gives you confidence, it is recommended, but not mandatory for the process
  • it is only for new homes -> already built houses can be certified too
  • there are many passive houses -> a home is certainly passive only if it has certification
  • you cannot open the windows in a passive house -> you can, but only if you want, not because you have to
  • the air is frowst -> only if there’s something wrong with the house
  • passive houses are ugly -> many of them are, but this is a problem with the architect/beneficiary
  • only houses can be certified as passive -> certification is not only for homes but also for office buildings, schools, covered swimming pools, etc.

Costs for passive house

  • Initial investment costs are only 10-20% higher
  • Operating costs are 80% of the total cost of a home
  • A passive house, even if it has a slightly higher initial cost, it pays off quickly: 5-10 years
  • There are also indirect costs that cannot be quantified in as far as the benefits of a passive house for health, productivity and preservation of value over time
  • can reduce heating costs by up to 75%

Minuses and pluses to other certifications

Pluses: Certified with seniority, trustworthy, financially accessible, you can easily find resources, materials, technologies and certifiers. Compared to other certifications, the construction is assessed also, not just the design part.

Minuses: It doesn’t consider the water or material side, the CO2 footprint of the materials or their toxicity, the level of indoor lighting or the amount of natural light, etc.

What other certifications still exist for buildings

  1. The Energy Efficiency Certificate (Slab) issued by authorized energy certifiers
  2. LEED, developed by the US Green Building Council, the best known and spread
  3. BREAM, the property of Building Research Establishment in the UK, and 8 years older than LEED, more widespread in Europe
  4. LBC, developed by the Living Building Institute, is the most severe building sustainability certification system

Ok, and what is nZEB, NZEB, eco, sustainable and green, energy independent or renewable house?

  • nZEB and NZEB are not certifications, but they are described at the national level and means nearly Zero Energy Building and Net Zero Energy Buildings = they need to produce locally and from renewable sources as much energy as they consume annually
  • active, eco, sustainable and green are vague terms, abusively used by everyone for everything, hence the necessity for BREAM, LEED, LBC, etc certifications.
  • energy independent means you can produce by yourself the energy you need, all year long, you are supposed to not be connected to the network and have a storage system.
  • the renewable house doesn’t exist yet and I heard this said about the EFdeN house. It would mean that in the event of a malfunction, it can fix itself. But there are already such materials (even in the EFdeN house, the kitchen counter), but today there is nothing at such a complex level as a home. The confusion comes from the fact that energy is produced from renewable sources.

Conclusions

Passive House is a certification standard issued by an institution based on measurements made on a building.

There are 5 criteria that must be followed for insulation, openings, building envelope (outer closure), heat bridges and ventilation system.

Passive House is a certification that measures energy efficiency only, even if there are many positive health and comfort consequences in such a building.

BREAM, LEED and LBC are other certifications that monitor many things,  and they also take into account the materials used, their toxicity for the environment and habitat, the CO2 footprint of materials and types of equipment, the indoor comfort and health parameters, the level of lighting, etc. are.

Thank you Horia Petran and INCD Urban-Incerc Bucharest to support EFdeN project! Courses are not only for designers or consultants but also for future beneficiaries who want it. If you are interested, send email to train-to-nzeb@incd.ro and learn more about the 2 modules: I) Building Envelope and II) Installations.

Homes will become our universe

Some time ago, Orange has launched in Romania, right at EFdeN house, Orange Home for housing through the “You can travel anywhere without leaving home” campaign, which made me wonder a little about how we live in the future. These predictions by Ray Kurzweil (Google’s futurologist) give us a picture of a possible scenario.

I think the time we spend at home in 2030 will be around 80%

This future that we will spend almost all the time in our homes is not one that I like, but I think it is an inevitable future. Today we spend 50% of our time in houses and the rest of the time we spend on:

  • work – will be moved home via VR (Virtual Reality)
  • transport – will be drastically reduced due to the efficiency and decrease of the need of mobility, but will remain for meetings with friends, family or new experiences
  • shopping – will move online, see Amazon’s purchase of Whole Foods
  • education – all online, MOOC are the future of education and robots who will do home-schooling are already a reality
  • entertainment –  meaning parks, clubs, pools, restaurants, things you can’t do at home
  • tourism –  we will travel more due to cheaper transportation, that’s the good part

Just as social media has taken over our universe, attention and time, is already considered a dependency, VR (Virtual Reality) will be an even more dangerous trend, to which we will become even more addicted to. We will be able to be the masters of the worlds we can create, and we will not want to get out of this ideal and easy world that we can control.

How will this trend influence how we design, build and live

What we can do in terms of the built environment is to design and build suitable housing for such user behavior, which, in one way or another, will bring communities closer. This means that besides a co-working space, a home should become a friendships space.

At least 2 families, adults + children, must be able to spend time together and this will be translated into larger livingroom+ diningroom + entertainment areas, and the bedrooms surfaces will be reduced to an usable and comfortable minimum.

Larger spaces mean higher costs, and inside cities, this would be very expensive. In big cities, the cost of living is already exorbitant. The consequence of the fact that we no longer have to get out of the house to work is that we no longer need to live inside the city, and that opens up a potential new urbanization stage of the planet. At this moment, half of the planet’s population lives in cities, taking up only 2% of the planet’s dry surface.

Today there are 7.4 billion people on the planet, and by 2030 there will be another 1.2 billion, which means almost double the size of Europe’s population today.

Due to climate change and global warming, a walk to the park will become a walk to the mall, where climatic conditions are optimal. At the mall you have access to almost anything you want, it is a place for all ages and needs, and this behavior can already be noticed. Even if it is sad to imagine a world that is shared between home and mall, it is currently the most likely future.